All amplifier measurements are performed independently by BHK Labs. All measurement data and graphical information displayed below are the property of the SoundStage! Network and Schneider Publishing Inc. Reproduction in any format is not permitted.

Measurements were made at a line voltage of 120V AC, both channels driven, and were taken on both channels using the Hegel H590’s AES, Analog 1, and BNC digital inputs. Unless otherwise noted, the data reported below are for the left channel.

### Power output

- Power output at 1% THD+N: 322.7W @ 8 ohms, 524.9W @ 4 ohms
- Power output at 10% THD+N: 400.0W @ 8 ohms, 648.6W @ 4 ohms

### Additional data

- Input/output polarity (analog and digital): noninverting
- AC-line current draw at idle: 98.0W, 1.3A, 0.64PF
- Gain: output voltage divided by input voltage, 8-ohm load, Lch/Rch

- Balanced inputs: 42.7X, 32.6dB / 42.6X, 32.6dB
- Unbalanced inputs: 42.9X, 32.7dB / 42.7X, 32.6dB

- Input sensitivity for 1W output into 8 ohms, Lch/Rch

- Balanced inputs: 66.2mV / 66.4mV
- Unbalanced inputs: 65.9mV / 66.2mV

- Output impedance @ 50Hz: 0.013 ohm
- Input impedance @ 1kHz
- Balanced inputs: 9.3k ohms
- Unbalanced inputs: 7.0k ohms

- Output noise, 8-ohm load, balanced inputs terminated with 600 ohms, Lch/Rch

- At reference volume setting
- Wideband: 0.646mV / 0.629mV, -72.8dBW / -73.1dBW
- A weighted: 0.084mV / 0.080mV, -90.6dBW / -91.0dBW

- At maximum volume

- Wideband: 0.659mV / 0.643mV, -72.6dBW / -72.9dBW
- A weighted: 0.122mV / 0.120mV, -87.3dBW / -87.5dBW

- At minimum volume

- Wideband: 1.13mV / 1.07mV, -68.0dBW / -68.4dBW
- A weighted: 0.107mV / 0.105mV, -88.4dBW / -88.6dBW

- At reference volume setting
- Output noise, 8-ohm load, unbalanced inputs terminated with 1k ohms, Lch/Rch

- At reference volume setting
- Wideband: 0.633mV / 0.618mV, -73.0dBW / -73.2dBW
- A weighted: 0.077mV / 0.076mV, -91.3dBW / -91.4dBW

- At maximum volume

- Wideband: 0.465mV / 0.468mV, -75.7dBW / -75.6dBW
- A weighted: 0.072mV / 0.075mV, -91.9dBW / -91.5dBW

- At minimum volume

- Wideband: 1.15mV / 1.06mV, -67.8dBW / -68.5dBW
- A weighted: 0.106mV / 0.104mV, -88.5dBW / -88.7dBW

- At reference volume setting

### Measurements summary

The H590 is Hegel Music Systems’ newest, most powerful integrated amplifier-DAC.

Chart 1 shows the H590’s frequency response with varying loads. The output impedance is low enough that there was negligible variation with the NHT dummy speaker load.

Chart 2 illustrates how the H590’s total harmonic distortion plus noise (THD+N) vs. power varied for 1kHz and SMPTE IM test signals and amplifier output for loads of 8 and 4 ohms. The level of distortion is quite low.

The Hegel’s THD+N as a function of frequency at a number of increasing power levels is plotted in Chart 3. The increase in distortion with frequency is moderate.

Chart 4 plots the H590’s damping factor vs. frequency. The shape of the low-frequency rolloff curve is unusual, and the high-frequency rolloff begins at a lower frequency than the norm.

The Hegel’s spectrum of harmonic distortion and noise residue of a 10W, 1kHz test signal is shown in Chart 5. The AC line harmonics are quite low but relatively complex. The signal harmonics are dominated by the second and third harmonics, with the higher harmonics decreasing quickly.

Some key measurements of the Hegel H590’s digital section were taken. Its BNC input was fed with a full-scale, 0dBFS digital signal level, and, using the volume control, the main amplifier outputs were set as close as possible to 5W/8 ohms. The frequency response is shown in Chart 6.

Chart 7 shows the results of a revealing measurement that I always do on a DAC: a test of its input/output linearity. This measures the amplitude of a decreasing 1kHz signal for both channels with a 1kHz bandpass filter, in order to track the signal down into the noise. The results for sample rates of 44.1, 96, and 192kHz were about the same; for clarity, I’ve shown here only the result for the 44.1kHz sample rate. I additionally changed the measurement bandwidth to 22kHz; the resulting curve shows the residual noise level in the audioband, which in this case is at about CD resolution.

### Chart 1 - Frequency response of output voltage as a function of output loading

Red line = open circuit

Magenta line = 8-ohm load

Blue line = 4-ohm load

### Chart 2 - Distortion as a function of power output and output loading

(Line up at 200W to determine lines)

Top line = 8-ohm SMPTE IM distortion

Second line = 4-ohm SMPTE IM distortion

Third line = 8-ohm THD+N

Bottom line = 4-ohm THD+N

### Chart 3 - Distortion as a function of power output and frequency

(8-ohm loading)

Red line = 1W

Magenta line = 10W

Blue line = 70W

Cyan line = 200W

Green line = 270W

Yellow line = 290W

### Chart 4 - Damping factor as a function of frequency

Damping factor = output impedance divided into 8

### Chart 5 - Distortion and noise spectrum

1kHz signal at 10W into an 8-ohm load

### Chart 6 - Frequency response of AES/EBU digital input at amplifier output

Red line = 44.1kHz

Magenta line = 96kHz

Blue line = 192kHz

### Chart 7 - DAC input/output linearity of both channels

24-bit/44.1kHz resolution with 1kHz bandwidth filter

Red line = left channel

Magenta line = right channel

24-bit/44.1kHz resolution with 22kHz bandwidth filter

Cyan line = left channel

Blue line = right channel